Background: Adequate pain management following hip fracture surgery reduces length of stay, reduces incidence of delirium, promotes recovery and improves mobility. Previous research suggests that hip fracture pain is undertreated in some patient subgroups, and that hypovitaminosis D can further aggravate pain which could hinder active rehabilitation. We provide a cross-sectional analysis of the baseline characteristics of participants in the REVITAHIP study with the aim of documenting pain intensity and its associations after hip fracture and to explore the characteristics of people who report higher levels of pain. Method: We analysed the baseline characteristics with a focus on pain scores in patients admitted with a hip fracture (undergoing surgery) to three teaching hospitals over New South Wales, Australia, between January 2011 and April 2013. Patients were evaluated using the verbal rating scale (VRS). Secondary measures including 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels at baseline, hip fracture subtype, type of surgical intervention, quality of life score, cognitive and mobility status were correlated with the VRS using the Pearson’s correlation, ANOVA and regression analysis. Results: The 218 participants had a mean age of 83.9+/-7.2 years and 77.1% were women of whom 16.0% had a Mini Mental State Examination score of less than or equal to 23 out of 30. The mean and standard deviation VRS pain score was 3.5+/-2.3. More than half [61.9% (n=113)] had VRS>=3 and 18.1% (n=52) had VRS>=5. Using the EuroQOL pain subscore, 78.1% had moderate pain or discomfort and 7.9% had extreme pain or discomfort. Using a multivariate regression model, post-operative VRS was significantly higher in persons with a higher comorbidity count, those previously living independently alone and surgical fixative modality with hemiarthroplasty. Conclusion: Overall the levels of pain reported by this cohort are acceptable although approximately 10% to 15% had higher than reasonable levels of pain. This study provides an insight into pain assessment and management by identifying certain patient subtypes who are vulnerable to under treatment of pain. Copyright